Ecuador 20078-09: Cultural factors in the AID prevention of Indigenous women in Ecuador
The project ''Cultural factors in the VIH/AIDS prevention with Indigenous Women in Ecuador'' prevé la colaboración de FCI/Ecuador e Interarts para lograr los siguientes objetivos:
* Strenghten the capacities of indigenous women's organizations to fight for respect and inclusion - in policies and national VIH programmes in Ecuador - de los factorres culturales que incrementan su vulnerabilidad al VIH y las ITS
* Mapping: to analyze and evaluate current cultural approaches in VIH and other STD (sexually trnsmitted diseases) related project design and prevention, awareness-raising and treatment programmes in Ecuador.
* Participatory evaluation of necessities (EPN): to identify and analyze in a participatory form the perceptions that indigenous communities in different parts of Ecuador have on STDs in general and on VIH in particular within the framework of helath and sexual and reproductive rights.
* Based on the information gathered (mapping + EPN) to promote policy strategies from indigenous women's organizations in order to secure an adequate inclusion of cultural factors in national VIH and STD prevention programmes.
Based on these objectives, the project aims to enhance the active participation of indigenous women's organisations in the design of national health policies and programmes, in order to integrate cultural factors in them. Lack of cultural awareness in the design of such programmes increases the risk of HIV or other sexually-transmitted diseases (STD). The proposed activities include the analyses of current cultural approaches to HIV and STD, the identification of how STD, HIV and AIDS are perceived by indigenous communities and the promotion of the role of indigenous women and cultural factors in national programmes against HIV.
In March 2009, attended by Ecuadorian government representatives and various indigenous entities, take place in Quito the presentation of two publications prepared for this project as well as a series of workshops held in the same provinces which participated in the research process, in order to respond to the commitment to give back to the indigenous population the information they have provided with their knowledge and practices related to STI’s, HIV and AIDS.
In late November 2009 this project was concluded and, among other achievements, it created unpublished materials on STI, HIV and AIDS with a specific focus on the intercultural dimension and involved the most important indigenous organizations
Situación mundial de la epidemia VIH/SIDA