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Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992


The Rio Declaration on environment and development was approved by the United Nations during the Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro on June 1992. It was aimed at reaffirming the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, adopted at Stockholm on June 1972.

The Declaration adopted a set of principles to guide the future development. These principles define the right of people to development, and their responsibilities to safeguard the common environment.

The Rio Declaration states that the only way to have long term economic progress is to link it with environmental protection. This will only happen if nations establish a new and equitable global partnership involving governments, their people and key sectors of societies. They must build international agreements that protect the integrity of the global environmental and the developmental system.

The Rio Declaration include following principles:

“Human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development. They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature. (Principe 1)

The right to development must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations. (Principle 3)

All States and all people shall cooperate in the essential task of eradicating poverty as an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, in order to decrease the disparities in standards of living and better meet the needs of the majority of the people of the world. (Principle 5)

States shall enact effective environmental legislation. Environmental standards, management objectives and priorities should reflect the environmental and development context to which they apply. Standards applied by some countries may be inappropriate and of unwarranted economic and social cost to other countries, in particular developing countries. (Principle 11)

Warfare is inherently destructive of sustainable development. States shall therefore respect international law providing protection for the environment in times of armed conflict and cooperate in its further development, as necessary. (Principle 24)”


Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992

September 2010